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2 edition of Review of the Issues Related to the Prevention, Detection, and Eradication of Avian Influenza found in the catalog.

Review of the Issues Related to the Prevention, Detection, and Eradication of Avian Influenza

Review of the Issues Related to the Prevention, Detection, and Eradication of Avian Influenza

Hearing Before the Committee on Agriculture, House of R

  • 390 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by Not Avail .
Written in English


The Physical Object
FormatHardcover
Number of Pages38
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL10118804M
ISBN 10016075495X
ISBN 109780160754951

OIE-FAO Network on Avian Influenza In April , OIE and FAO launched a joint worldwide scientific network to support veterinary services in the control of avian influenza (OFFLU). The objectives of the network are to: collaborate with the WHO human influenza network on issues relating to the animal-human interface, including early preparation. Avian Influenza Caused by a virus Many different strains Named after proteins on their envelope H for Hemagglutinin () N for Neuraminidase () Number Year Country/Region Strain 1 Scotland H5N1 2 South Africa H5N3 3 England H7N3 4 Canada H5N9 5 Australia H7N7 6 Germany H7N7 7 England H7N7 8 USA H5N2 9 Ireland H5N8.

This book helps readers understand what is known and what remains to be known about avian influenza. The book contains 19 articles written by leaders in avian influenza research. The authors provide a comprehensive and updated review of current knowledge on avian influenza, with particular emphasis on H5N1. Avian influenza, listed by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), has become a disease of great importance for animal and human health. Several aspects of the disease lack scientific information, which has hampered the management of some recent crises. Millions of animals have died, and concern is growing over the loss of human lives and management of the pandemic potential.

  Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is a devastating disease in poultry; it is associated with a high death rate and disrupts poultry production and trade (1,2).HPAI viruses may be transmitted from birds to humans (3,4), and they are a potential source of future human influenza pandemics ().HPAI outbreaks were relatively rare until but occurred in many countries in the last .   Get this from a library! The role of U.S. agriculture in the control and eradication of avian influenza: hearing before the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, Novem [United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry.].


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Review of the Issues Related to the Prevention, Detection, and Eradication of Avian Influenza Download PDF EPUB FB2

Review of the issues related to the prevention, detection, and eradication of avian influenza: hearing before the Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, Novem   CONCLUSION: Avian influenza virus A/H5N1 is a public health threat that has the potential to cause serious illness and death in humans.

Understanding its pathology, transmission, clinical features, and pharmacologic treatments and preparing for the prevention and management of its outbreak will help avoid its potentially devastating by: Highly pathogenic avian influenza is also known as fowl plague and grippe aviaire.

Introduction and Information 13 It is caused by influenza virus A. Influenza virus A is further classified on the basis of the surface glycoproteins, hemagglutinin (HA or H) and neuraminidase (NA or N).

Avian influenza overview February – August European Food Safety Authority, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and European Union Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza Cornelia Adlhoch, Alice Fusaro, Thijs Kuiken, Isabella Monne, Krzysztof Smietanka, Christoph Staubach, Irene Muñoz Guajardo and Francesca Baldinelli.

The overall objective of this paper is to review the many issues surrounding the emergence, persistence, spread and control of avian influenza, focusing on the current epizootic of H5N1 HPAI. It highlights what is known and not known about the disease, and examines some of the speculation and issues relating to its emergence and control.

The work – Understanding avian influenza – a review of the emergence, spread, control, prevention and effects of Asian-lineage H5N1 highly pathogenic viruses – is an FAO initiative and was produced by Les Sims, a veterinary consultant who has been developing control and preventive programmes for this disease since it first emerged in Hong.

June 3. Detection Executive Summary. The purpose of this document is to detail the essential components of a unified national system for the early detection and monitoring for avian influenza viruses of significance in migratory birds.

The odds of detecting, controlling, and perhaps preventing the spread of an influenza virus with pandemic potential have improved dramatically sinceand they continue to increase with expanding knowledge of influenza viruses and the threat they present to human and animal health.

Today, international programs permit the characterization of thousands of viral isolates each year and. The human influenza pandemics of and were caused by the reassortment of genes from human and avian viruses.

36 Therefore, vaccination of poultry workers against the seasonal influenza viruses is another potentially important public health measure. 37, 38 Vaccinating these workers reduces their risk of dual infection with a seasonal. book review Diseases of poultry 14th edition.

McMullin See all volumes and issues. Active virological surveillance in backyard ducks in Bangladesh: detection of avian influenza and gammacoronaviruses. Rokshana Parvin, Congriev Kumar Kabiraj, Tanjin Tamanna Mumu. The long-term goal of the USDA-Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service National Research Initiative-funded program entitled “Prevention and Control of Avian Influenza in the US” (Avian Influenza Coordinated Agriculture Project, AICAP) is to serve as a significant point of reference for the poultry industry and the general public in matters related to the biology, risks associated with, and the methods used to prevent.

The avian influenza virus subtypes that can infect human include H5N1, H9N2, H7N7, H7N2, and H7N3. The reported subtype in China this year is H7N9.

The H7N9 is a new reassortant virus, with its internal gene segments derived from an earlier H9N2 avian influenza virus. Most avian influenza viruses are heat-sensitive.

The Best Prevention is to Avoid Sources of Exposure. Currently, the best way to prevent infection with avian influenza A viruses is to avoid sources of exposure whenever possible.

Infected birds shed avian influenza virus in their saliva, mucous and feces. 1 Outbreaks of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (subtype H5N1) in poultry notified to the OIE from the end of to 2 January Cdc-pdf [ KB, 1 page] External and Cumulative Number of Confirmed Human Cases for Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Reported to.

Influenza is an acute respiratory illness, caused by influenza A, B, and C viruses, that occurs in local outbreaks or seasonal epidemics. Clinical illness follows a short incubation period and presentation ranges from asymptomatic to fulminant, depending on the characteristics of both the virus and the individual host.

Influenza A viruses can also cause sporadic infections or spread worldwide. The authors of this statement update the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics for the routine use of influenza vaccine and antiviral medications in the prevention and treatment of influenza in children.

Highlights for the upcoming – season include the following: 1. Annual influenza immunization is recommended for everyone 6 months and older, including children and. Avian influenza (AI) vaccines have been developed and used to protect poultry and other birds in various countries of the world.

Protection is principally mediated by an immune response to the. Inavian influenza A(H5N1) viruses first spread from poultry directly to infect humans in Hong Kong resulting in the deaths of 6 of 18 infected persons.

Concerned about the possibility that this A(H5N1) virus could easily infect humans and eventually spread from person-to-person, the World Health Organization (WHO) and United States.

InH9N2 avian influenza infected two children in Hong Kong and there were other cases in mainland China. InH5N1 and H9N2 infections were confirmed in Hong Kong, while in the Netherlands, a large avian influenza outbreak involved an H7N7 virus.

Up to cases among farmers and poultry workers occurred. Avian influenza A viruses are routinely detected in wild birds. Around the world and in North America, avian influenza A outbreaks occur in poultry from time to time.

Outbreaks of some avian influenza A viruses in poultry have been associated with illness and death in humans in Asia, Africa, Europe, the Pacific, and the Near East.

High pathogenicity avian influenza in the Americas / David E. Swayne --Highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in Europe, Asia, and Africa sinceexcluding the Asian H5N1 virus outbreaks / Dennis J.

Alexander, Ilaria Capua, and Guus Koch --Avian influenza in Australia / Leslie D. Sims and Andrew J. Turner --Multicontinental epidemic of.Asian highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N1) virus occurs mainly in birds and is highly contagious among them.

HPAI Asian H5N1 is especially deadly for poultry. The virus was first detected in in geese in China. Asian H5N1 was first detected in humans in during a poultry outbreak in Hong Kong and has since been detected in poultry and wild birds in more than 50 countries in.Progress 01/15/05 to 01/14/07 Outputs OUTPUTS: The long-term goal of the program entitled "Prevention and Control of Avian Influenza in the US" (AICAP) is to serve as a significant point of reference for the poultry industry and the general public in matters related to the biology, risks associated with and the methods used to prevent and.